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Singapore Ndc Paris Agreement

October 8th, 2021

On 31 March 2020, Singapore presented its expanded Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) document and the Long-Term Low Emission Development Strategy (LEDS) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). These documents can be consulted under www4.unfccc.int/sites/ndcstaging/Pages/Party.aspx?party=SGP&prototype=1 or unfccc.int/process/the-paris-agreement/long-term-strategies. Singapore ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1997, acceded to the Kyoto Protocol in 2006 and ratified in 2014 the amendments to the second commitment period (2012 to 2020) of the Kyoto Protocol. At the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP-21) held in Paris on 12 December 2015, countries adopted the Paris Agreement, a universal and legally binding agreement to combat climate change after 2020. On September 27, 2016 in New York, making it one of the first countries to do so, along with 30 other countries. The Paris Agreement entered into force on 4 November 2016, 30 days after exceeding double the threshold of 55 contracting parties to ratification and exceeding 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions by the sweeping contracting parties. After three years of negotiations, the parties then agreed on the conclusion of the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), which sets out the modalities, procedures and guidelines for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, at COP-24 in December 2018 in Katowice, Poland. We look forward to the conclusion of discussions on the highlights of the PAWP at COP-26 in Glasgow, Scotland, in 2021. Sixty-eight others, including Norway and Maldives, suggested that they would improve ambition or action. Singapore also strongly believes in contributing to the global effort by building the capacity of other developing countries to help them meet their climate commitments and take effective action against climate change.

In particular, in 2018, as part of the Singapore Cooperation Programme, we have a specific climate change package (CAP) aimed at ending capacities in developing countries in areas such as climate science, flood management and disaster prevention. Recently, we have taken a series of capacity-building initiatives with other ASEAN member countries for the effective implementation of the Paris Agreement. Our technical assistance programmes have been implemented bilaterally, with other countries or in partnership with relevant international organisations. In July 2016, Singapore published our Climate Change Plan, which details our strategies for adapting to the effects of climate change, such as. B the implementation of coastal and infrastructure protection measures. The plan also outlines our approach to reducing carbon emissions by 2030, which includes: (i) improving energy efficiency; (ii) reducing carbon emissions from electricity generation; (iii) developing advanced technologies for low-carbon technologies; and (iv) through the collective action of governmental authorities, individuals, companies and the Community. These steps are reflected in Singapore`s climate pledges (i.e. our National Determination Contribution or NDC) under the UNFCCC.

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